List of Major Strait of the World

A strait is a narrow navigable waterway that connects two larger water bodies. It lies between two land masses and formed naturally or by man-made. It is used for transporting goods or people in the world and control the sea and shipping routes of the entire region in the world. It connects the world.

  • Longest Strait in the World- Strait of Malacca (800km), which separates the Malay Peninsula from Sumatra island of Indonesia.
  • Widest Strait in the World- The Denmark Strait or Greenland strait (290km wide).Between Greenland and Iceland
  • Shallowest Strait in the World- Sunda strait. It separates the Java Sea from the Indian Ocean.
  • Narrowest Strait in the World-Bosphorus strait(Narrowest point width is 800m).It separates the Black Sea from the Marmara Sea.

In this article, we are giving the list of the major Straits of the world. It is part of static general knowledge which helps to the Aspirants for SSC, Railway, State PSU and all competitive examination.

Major Straits of the world are:

Strait NameJoin BetweenLocation
Bab-al-MandebRed Sea & Gulf of Aden(Arabian sea)Yemen & Djibouti
Bass The Tasman Sea & South SeaAustralia
Bering The Bering Sea & Chukchi Sea(Arctic ocean)Alaska (USA) & Russia
Bonifacio Mediterranean SeaCorse & Sardegna Island
Bosphorus The Black Sea & Marmara SeaTurkey
Cook South Pacific OceanNew Zealand (N& S island)
Dardanelles The Marmara Sea & Aegean SeaTurkey
Davis The Baffin Bay & Labrador Sea(Atlantic ocean)Greenland & Canada
Denmark North Atlantic & Arctic OceanGreenland & Iceland
Dover North sea & Atlantic oceanEngland & Europe
Florida Gulf of Mexico & Atlantic OceanUSA & Cuba
Formosa South China Sea &East China SeaChina & Taiwan
FoveauxSouth Pacific OceanNewzealand (South Island & Stewart Island)
Gibraltar The Mediterranean Sea & Atlantic OceanSpin& Morocco
Hormuz Gulf of Persia & Gulf of OmanOman & Iran
Hudson Gulf of Hudson & Atlantic OceanCanada
Kerch Black Sea & Sea of Azov Russia & Crimea
Magellan Pacific Ocean & South Atlantic OceanChile
Malacca The Andaman Sea & South China SeaIndonesia Malaysia
Messina Mediterranean SeaItaly & Sicily
Otranto The Adriatic Sea & Ionian SeaItaly & Albania
Palk Strait Palk Bay & Bay Of BengalIndia & Srilanka
Prince of Wales Banks Island and Victoria IslandCanada
Sunda Java sea & Indian Ocean Indonesia
Tatar Japan sea & Okhoksh seaRussia
Taurus Arafura Sea & Gulf of PapuaPapua New Guinea & Australia
Tsungaru Japan  Sea & Pacific oceanJapan (Hokkaido Honshu Island)
Yucatan Gulf of Mexico & Caribbean SeaMexico & Cuba

All list of passes, channel/strait of world

  • Agate Pass – Puget Sound
  • Agattu Strait – Aleutians
  • Akashi Strait – Japan
  • Alas Strait – between Lombok and Sumbawa in Indonesia
  • Alor Strait – the Lesser Sunda Islands in Indonesia
  • Amchitka Pass – Aleutians
  • Anegada Passage – between the Virgin Islands and Anguilla
  • Anguilla Channel – between Anguilla and Saint Martin
  • Arthur Kill – between Staten Island and New Jersey
  • Anegada Passage – Virgin Islands and Anguilla
  • Arthur Kill – Staten Island and New Jersey
  • Bab-el-Mandeb – connects the Red Sea to the Gulf of Aden to the Arabian Sea
  • Balabac Strait – between Palawan, Philippines, and Borneo
  • Strait of Baltiysk – between Vistula Bay and Gdansk Bay
  • Bangka Strait – between Sumatra and Bangka Island
  • Bass Strait – between mainland Australia and Tasmania
  • Strait of Belle Isle – between Newfoundland and mainland Canada
  • Bering Strait – between Asia and North America
  • Beagle Channel– Tierra del Fuego
  • Bransfield Strait – between the SouthShetland Islands and Antarctic Peninsula
  • Bohol Strait – also called Cebu Strait, between Bohol and Cebu in the Philippines
  • Strait of Bonifacio – between Corsica and Sardinia
  • Bosporus – between Europe and Asia
  • Bungo Channel – Japan
  • Cabot Strait – between Newfoundland and Cape Breton Island
  • Strait of Canso – between Cape Breton Island and mainland Nova Scotia
  • Carquinez Strait – connects San Pablo Bay and Suisun Bay, California
  • Chatham Strait – between Chichagof Island and Admiralty Island, Alaska
  • Chios Strait– between Turkey and the Greek island Chios
  • Cozumel Channel – between Cozumel Island and the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
  • Clarence Strait – between Prince of Wales Island and mainland Alaska
  • Colvos Passage – Puget Sound
  • Cook Strait – between the North Island and South Island of New Zealand
  • Straits of Corfu– between the Greek island Corfu and mainland Greece/Albania
  • Dalco Passage – Puget Sound
  • Dampier Strait (Papua New Guinea) – between New Britain and Umboi Island
  • Dampier Strait (Indonesia) – between Bird’s Head Peninsula and Raja Ampat Islands
  • Dampier Strait (Papua New Guinea)– between New Britain and Umboi Island
  • Danish straits – between Scandinavia and Jutland
  • Dardanelles – between Europe and Asia
  • Davis Strait – between Baffin Island and Greenland
  • Deception Pass – Puget Sound
  • Denmark Strait – between Greenland and Iceland
  • Detroit River – between Lake St. Clair and Lake Erie
  • Dolphin and Union Strait – between Northwest Territories and Victoria Island
  • Dominica Passage– between Dominica and Guadeloupe
  • Strait of Dover or Pas de Calais – (English Channel)
  • Dragon’s Mouth (Boca del Dragón) – between Trinidad and Venezuela
  • Drake Passage – between South America and Antarctica
  • East River – between Manhattan, the Bronx, and Long Island
  • English Channel – between Great Britain and France
  • Eastern Channel– between the Korean Peninsula and the Iki Island
  • Euripus Strait– between the Island of Euboea and Greece mainland on the Aegean
  • Falkland Sound, – between West Falkland and East Falkland
  • Fehmarn Sound – between German island Fehmarn and the German mainland
  • Straits of Florida – between Florida and Cuba
  • Foveaux Strait – between the South Island and Stewart Island of New Zealand
  • Formosa Strait– between Taiwan and the Chinese mainland
  • Fury and Hecla Strait – between Baffin Island and the MelvillePeninsula, Formosa strait in
  • Strait of Georgia – between Vancouver Island and British Columbia
  • Strait of Gibraltar – between Europe and Africa
  • Golden Gate Strait – between the Marin Headlands and San Francisco, California
  • Great Belt –between the islands of Zealand and Funen in Denmark
  • Gulf of Mannar– between India and Sri Lanka
  • Guadeloupe Passage – north of Guadeloupe, ((West Indies))
  • Harlem River – between Manhatten and The Bronx
  • Hecate Strait – between Queen Charlotte Island and British Columbia
  • Honguedo Strait – between Anticosti Island and the GaspéPeninsula in Quebec
  • Strait of Hormuz – between Arabia and Iran
  • Hoyo Strait – between Kyushu and Shikoku in Japan
  • Hudson Strait – between Baffin Island and Quebec
  • Irbe Strait– between Latvia and the island of Saaremaa in Estonia
  • Johor Strait – between Singapore and the state of Johor of Malaysia
  • Strait of Juan de Fuca – between Vancouver Island, Canada, and Olympic Peninsula, United States
  • Kalmar Strait – between Öland and Småland
  • Kanmon Strait – between Honshu and Kyushu
  • The Kara Strait-between Novaya Zemlya and Vaygach Island in Russia
  • Karimata Strait – between Sumatra and Borneo
  • Kerch Strait – between Crimea and Russia
  • Kill Van Kull – between Staten Island and Bayonne, New Jersey
  • Kitan Strait – between Awaji Island and the island Honshu in Japan
  • Korea Strait – between Korea and Japan
  • Gulf of Kusadasi– between Turkey and the Greek island Samos
  • Kvarken– between Sweden and Finland
  • La Perouse Strait (also Soya Strait) – between Sakhalin and Japan
  • Little Belt –between the island Funen and mainland Denmark
  • Lombok Strait-between Bali and Lombok in Indonesia
  • Luzon Strait – between Taiwan and Luzon, Philippines
  • Straits of Mackinac – between Michigan’s Upper and Lower Peninsulas
  • Strait of Magellan – between South America and Tierra del Fuego
  • Makassar Strait – between Borneo and Sulawesi
  • Straits of Malacca – between Malaysia and Sumatra
  • Mare Island Strait
  • Martinique Passage – between Dominica and Martinique
  • McClure Strait – Melville Island and Banks Island
  • Menai Strait – between Anglesey and mainland Wales
  • Strait of Messina – between Sicily and mainland Italy
  • Mindoro Strait – between Mindoro and Palawan in the Philippines
  • Mona Passage – between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico
  • Myeongnyang Strait – between Jindo Island and mainland South Korea
  • Nares Strait – between Ellesmere Island and Northern Greenland and connects BaffinBay with the Lincoln Sea / the Arctic Sea.
  • The Narrows – between Staten Island and Brooklyn in New York City
  • Naruto Strait – between Awaji Island and the island Shikoku in Japan
  • North Channel – between Northern Ireland and Scotland
  • Northumberland Strait – between Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick/Nova Scotia
  • Oresund – between Denmark and Sweden
  • Strait of Otranto – between Italy and Albania
  • Palk Strait – between India and Sri Lanka
  • Pertuis d’Antioche – on the Atlantic coast of Western France
  • Pickering Passage – Puget Sound
  • Port Washington Narrows – Puget Sound
  • Porte des Morts – between the Bay of Green Bay and Lake Michigan
  • Panama – Between North America and South America (Panama Canal)
  • Qiongzhou Strait – Hainan and Guangdong
  • Rich Passage – Puget Sound
  • San Bernardino Strait – between Luzon and Samar in the Philippines
  • San Juanico Strait – between Samar and Leyte islands in the Philippines
  • Serpent’s Mouth (Boca del Serpiente) – between Trinidad and Venezuela
  • Skagerrak between Denmark, Norway, and Sweden
  • Shelikof Strait – between mainland Alaska and Kodiak Island
  • Shimonoseki Strait
  • Strait of Dover – part of the English Channel between Great Britain and France
  • Strait of Sicily – between Sicily and Africa
  • Singapore Strait – between Singapore and Indonesia (Sumatra)
  • Smith Strait
  • Sumba Strait – between Flores and Sumba, Indonesia
  • Sunda Strait – between Sumatra and Java
  • Surigao Strait – between Leyte and Mindanao islands in the Philippines
  • Tablas Strait – between Mindoro and Panay islands in the Philippines
  • Tacoma Narrows – Puget Sound
  • Taiwan Strait – between Taiwan and Mainland China
  • Tanon Strait – between Negros and Cebu islands in the Philippines
  • Strait of Tartary (also Mamiya Strait and Strait of Nevelskoi) – Sakhalin
  • Strait of Tiran – between the Sinai peninsula and Saudi Arabia
  • Torres Strait – between New Guinea and Australia
  • Tsugaru Strait – between Hokkaido and Honshu
  • Tsushima Strait – between Iki Island and the Korean peninsula
  • Vitiaz Strait – between New Guinea and Long Island
  • Windward Passage – between Cuba and Hispaniola
  • Yucatan Channel – between Mexico and Cuba

List of World’s major Straits gives a quick revision on the concept, definition, and straits around the world. This list of important major straits in the world can be helpful for UPSC, SSC, RRB preparation.

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