Governor-General Of India (1833 Act)

                Governor-General Of India (1833 Act)

Charter Act of 1833 was passed and made lord William Bentinck as the first governor-general of India. The Governor-general of India headed the central government of India, which administered the provinces of British India.

Lord  William Bentinck (1828-35):

governor general of india
  • He is the most Liberal and enlightened person among all Governor-General of India.
  • He is regarded as the “father of modern western education in India”.
  • Made English, the medium of higher education.
  • Abolition of sati in 1829 and the suppression of thugi in 1830.
  • The first medical college was opened in Calcutta in 1835.
  • According to the charter Act of 1833, he is the first Governor-general of India.
  • Treaty of perpetual friendship with Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1831.
  • Raja of Mysore was deposed and annexation of his territories in 1831.
  • Annexation of cachhar in 1834, jaintia in 1832 and Coorg in 1843 on the chrge of Mal- administration.
  • Formation of Arga province in 1834.

Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835-36):

  • He is known as liberator of press.
  • Abolished all restriction on vernacular press through press Act of 1835.
  • Passed the famous press law, which liberated the press in India.

Lord Auckland (1836-42):

  • First Afghan war (1836-42).
  • Death of Rnjit singh in 1839.

Lord Ellenborough (1842-44):

  • He became the first Governor-general of India to be recalled for defying the orders of the court of Directors of East India company.
  • Absolished “slavery”.
  • Sind was annexed by Charles neapier. He was appointed as the first Governor of sind.
Lord Hardinge(1844-48):
  • He issued orders for prohibition of female infanticide and suppression of the practice of human sacrifice among the knond tribe of Odisha.
  • First Anglo sikh war (1845-46) and treaty of Lahore in 1848.

Lord Dalhousie (1848-56):

  • His real name was James Andrew ramsay.
  • Introduced the “Doctrine of Lapse” and captured satara in 1848, Jaitpur and sambhalpur in 1849, Udaipur in 1842, Jhansi in 1853 and Nagpur in 1854 through it.
  • Introduce /opened the 1st Indian Railway in 1853 (from Bombay to thane ).
  • He also opened “telegraph and the postal system in 1853″.
  • Widow remarriage Act 1856 passed .
  • Abolished title and pensions.
  • All ports in India were declared free.
  • Established 1st engineering collage at Roorkee. So he was called father of technical education.
  • Established a separate public works department in every province.
  • Religious Disabilities Act 1856 was passed.
  • Woods educational Despatch of 1854.
  • Second Anglo-Sikh was (1848-49) and annexation of Panjab.
  • Second Anglo-Burmese was in 1852
  • Santhal uprisinqs (1855-56).
  • Charter Act of 1853 passed.
Lord Canning (1856-1862):
  • Till 1858, he was Governor General of India.
  • He was the last Governor-general of India and first  viceroy of India (According to Government of India Act, 1858)
  • He withdrew Doctrine of lapse.
  • He opened universities of Calcutta, Bombay and madras in 1857.
  • Passed the Act of 1858, which ended the rule of east India Company.
  • Income tax was introduced for first time in 1858 by Sir James Wilson.
  • High courts were established at Calcutta, Bombay and madras in 1862.
  • Indian councils Act 1861 passed.
  • The Indian penal code 1859 was passed .

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