Biosphere Reserves in India

Biosphere Reserves in India: Biosphere  Reserve program was launched by UNESCO in 1971 under the aegis of its Man and Biosphere  (MAB) program to provide a global network of protected areas for conserving natural communities.

Here protection is granted to the flora, fauna of the protected region and also to the Human community who inhabits these Regions.

The purpose of the Biosphere  Reserve is the conservation of biological diversity in various ecosystems.

There are 18 Biosphere Reserves set up in India which protects larger areas of Natural Habitat (National park or Sanctury) and along buffer zones that are open to some economic uses.

Zones in Biosphere Reserve

Biosphere reserves have 3 interrelated zones that aim to fulfill three complementary and mutually reinforcing functions:

The core area is a strictly protected ecosystem that contributes to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation.

The buffer zone surrounds or adjoins to the core areas. This zone may be used for agricultural land, forests, fisheries or ranchland to enhance the overall quality of production. Also may be used for experimental research.

The transition area is the large outer area of a reserve where people live and work and the greatest activity is allowed. The local communities, conservation agencies, scientists, civil associations, cultural groups, businesses, and other stakeholders agree to work together to manage and use the area in a sustainable way that will benefit the people who live there.

In India first Biosphere  Reserve is Nilgiri (TamilNadu, Kerala, Karnataka) came into beginning in 1986.  Dibru-Saikhowa in Assam is the smallest and Great Ran of Kutch in Gujarat is the largest Biosphere  Reserve in India.

List of Biosphere Reserves in India:

SI NO.NameYearStateKey fauna





2Nanda Devi1988UttarakhandHimalayan Musk deer,tahr,snow leopard
3Nokrek1988MeghalayaRed panda
4Great Nicober1989Andaman & NicoborSalt water crocodile
5Gulf Of Manner1989Tamil Nadu


Dugong or sea cow
6Manas1989AssamGolden Langur, Red panda
7Sundarban1989West BengalRoyal Bengal  Tiger
8Similipal1994OdishaGaur, Royal Bengal  Tiger,wild elephant
9Dibru-Saikhowa(smallest)1997AssamGolden Langur
10Dihang-Dibang1998ArunachalpradeshRed panda, Asiatic black deer
11Panchmarhi1999MadhyapradeshGiant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel
12Kangchendzonga2000SikkimRed panda,Snow Leopard


14Achanakamar-Amarkantak2005MP,ChhatisgarhChitals, Sambars ,Black Buck
15Ran of Kutch2008GujaratWild  Ass
16Cold Desert2009Himachal Pradesh, J &KSnow Leopard
17Seshachalan Hills2010Andhra  PradeshSlender Loris
18Panna2011Madhya PradeshTiger,Chita,sambharand sloth Bear

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Here is List of Biosphere Reserves in India which is helpfull for All competitive exam like SSC, RRB NTPC, and state PSU.

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